In vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) are two of the most common treatments for infertility and can help a couple to conceive. Many couples just starting out with fertility treatments will often choose IUI because it is a simpler procedure and is less invasive than IVF. IUI involves the insertion of the sperm directly into the uterus during the time of ovulation, the time of highest fertility. IUI can be done with a medicated cycle of fertility drugs or it can be done naturally. IVF is a more complicated procedure and involves multiple steps and procedures. IVF uses fertility medication to stimulate the ovaries. The patient will then be scheduled for an egg retrieval procedure. Once egg retrieval is done, the egg can be fertilized in a lab and the embryo can be incubated. Once embryos are ready they are then implanted in a woman’s uterus.